When preparing for a possible emergency situation, it's
best to think first about the basics of survival: fresh water, food,
clean air and warmth.
One gallon of water per person per day, for drinking and sanitation.
Children, nursing mothers, and sick people
may need more water.
If you live in a warm weather climate more
water may be necessary.
Store water tightly in clean plastic
containers such as soft drink bottles.
Keep at least a three-day supply of water
FOOD: Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food.
Select foods that require no
refrigeration, preparation or cooking and little or no water.
Pack a manual can opener and eating
Avoid salty foods, as they will make you
Choose foods your family will eat.
Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits and
Protein or fruit bars
Dry cereal or granola
Non-perishable pasteurized milk
High energy foods
Food for infants
Battery-powered or hand crank radio
and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both
and extra batteries
In any emergency a family member or you yourself may be cut, burned or suffer other injuries. If you have these basic supplies you are better prepared to help your loved ones when they are hurt. Remember, many injuries are not life threatening and do not require immediate medical attention. Knowing how to treat minor injuries can make a difference in an emergency. Consider taking a first aid class, but simply having the following things can help you stop bleeding, prevent infection and assist in decontamination.
to signal for help
potential emergencies could send tiny microscopic "junk" into the air.
For example flooding could create airborne mold which could make you sick and an
explosion may release very fine debris that can cause lung damage. A biological
terrorist attack may release germs that can make you sick if inhaled or absorbed
through open cuts. Many of these agents can only hurt you if they get into your
body, so think about creating a barrier between yourself and any contamination.
Moist towelettes, garbage bags and
plastic ties for personal sanitation
Wrench or pliers to turn off
Can opener for food (if kit contains
Prescription medications and glasses
Infant formula and diapers
Pet food and extra water for your pet
Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies,
identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container
Cash or traveler's checks and change
Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person. Consider additional
bedding if you live in a cold-weather climate.
Complete change of clothing including a long sleeved shirt, long
pants and sturdy shoes. Consider additional clothing if you live in a
Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper – When diluted
nine parts water to one part bleach, bleach can be used as a disinfectant. Or in
an emergency, you can use it to treat water by using 16 drops of regular
household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use scented, color safe or
bleaches with added cleaners.
Matches in a waterproof container
Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items
Mess kits, paper cups, plates and plastic utensils, paper towels
Paper and pencil
· Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children