1st-Aid For Choking....

 

 

 

A REFRESHER for people with 1st-Aid training

Choking can result in unconsciousness and cardiopulmonary arrest. It is often caused by food or other foreign body lodged in the throat (airway). Indeed, choking caused by foreign body airway obstruction accounts for about 3,000 deaths each year. The recognition and proper management of choking is of key importance to safety in homes, restaurants, and other public places.

(Other conditions that may cause unconsciousness and/or airway obstruction but are managed differently include stroke, epilepsy, swelling due to infection, head injury, intoxication, overdose, coma of any cause, and heart arrest.)

 


 


PREVENTION IS NO ACCIDENT

Adults:
-Cut food into small pieces.
-Chew food slowly and thoroughly, especially if wearing dentures.
-Avoid laughing and talking during chewing and swallowing.
-Avoid excessive intake of alcohol before and during meals.

Infants and Children:
-Keep marbles, beads, thumbtacks, and other small objects out of their reach and prevent them from walking, running, or playing with food or toys in their mouths.



 


If you observe an "conscious" ADULT choking:
-Ask, "Are you choking?"
-If the victim can speak, cough, or breathe, DO NOT INTERFERE.
-If the victim CANNOT speak, cough, or breathe, give subdiaphragmatic abdominal thrusts (the Heimlich maneuver) until the foreign body is expelled or the victim becomes unconscious. (Or in case of extreme obesity or late pregnancy, give chest thrusts.)




-Be persistent.
-Continue uninterrupted until the obstruction is relieved or advanced life support is available. In either case the victim should be examined by a physician as soon as possible.





 


 



 If the Victim Becomes Unconscious:

-Position victim on back, arms by side.


-Call out "Help!", or if others respond, call 911.


-Perform tongue-jaw lift and finger sweep to try to remove the foreign body.


-Open airway (head-tilt/chin-lift), and attempt rescue breathing.


-If unsuccessful, give 6-10 subdiaphragmatic abdominal thrusts (the Heimlich maneuver).


-Repeat sequence: perform finger sweep, open the airway, attempt rescue breathing, perform abdominal thrusts -- until successful.








-After obstruction is removed, begin the ABC's of CPR if necessary.


-BE PERSISTENT. Continue uninterrupted until obstruction is relieved or advanced life support is available. When successful, have the victim examined by a physician as soon as possible.



 


When there are signs of choking in an INFANT or CHILD:

IF...
the infant or child is
breathing and continues
to be able to speak or
cough
THEN...
do not interfere, but take
to an advanced
life support facility
IF...
the infant or child
has a fever and a
hsitory of illness
(the air passages
may be swollen)
THEN...
transport immediately
to an emergency
care facility
IF...
the infant or child
has ineffective
coughing, high
pitched inspirations,
and the inability to
speak or cry,
THEN...
immediately begin the
obstructed airway
sequence described
below.



Conscious Infant (under 1 year old)
4 Back Blows and 4 Chest Thrusts


To dislodge an object in the airway of an infant:



 -Supporting the head and neck with one hand, straddle infant face down, head lower than trunk, over your forearm, supported on your thigh.


-Deliver four back blows, forcefully, with the heel of the hand between the infant's shoulder blades.


-Immediately, while supporting the head, sandwich the infant between your hands and turn onto its back, head lower than trunk, Using 2 fingers, deliver four thrusts in the sternal region.


-Repeat both back blows and chest thrusts until foreign body is expelled or the infant becomes unconscious.


Finger position for chest thrusts: Depress the sternum 1/2 to 1 inch for each thrust. Avoid the tip of the sternum.

Alternate method: Lay the infant face down on your lap, head lower than trunk, and firmly supported. Perform 4 back blows, turn infant as a unit to the supine position, and perform 4 chest thrusts.



 


Unconscious Infant:
-call for help, or if others respond, call 911
-Perform tongue-jaw lift. If foreign body is visualized, remove it.
-Open the airway (head-tilt/chin-lift), and attempt rescue breathing.
-Perform 4 back blows, then 4 chest thrusts.
-If foreign body is not removed, persist with this sequence:

attempt to visualize,