Sexual harassment: unwelcome sexual advances,
requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual
nature in which submission to or rejection of such conduct explicitly or
implicitly affects an individual's work or school performance or creates an
intimidating, hostile, or offensive work or school environment.
Sexual Harassment in the Workplace
Types of Sexual Harassment:
Quid pro quo- When a perpetrator makes conditions
of employment contingent on the victim providing sexual favors. This type of
harassment is less common.
Hostile environment- When unwelcome, severe and
persistent sexual conduct on the part of a perpetrator creates an
uncomfortable and hostile environment (e.g., jokes, lewd postures, leering,
inappropriate touching, rape, etc.). This type of harassment constitutes up to
95% of all sexual harassment cases.
Variety of Circumstances
Survivor and harasser do not have to be of different genders; both can be men,
both women, or they can be different genders.
Similarly, as with sexual assault, women can be perpetrators.
harasser can be a supervisor, an agent of the employer, a supervisor in
another area, a co-worker, or a non-employee.
survivor does not have to be the person that is directly harassed. It can be
anyone affected by the offensive conduct.
Unlawful sexual harassment may occur without economic injury to or discharge
of the survivor.
harasser's conduct must be unwelcome.
Common Emotional and Physical Reactions
concentration at work
Stress on personal relationships
Alcohol or drug use
Tarnished company reputation
Increased payouts for sick leave and medical benefits
Vulnerability to hostile confrontations
and consultant costs
Options for Action
Say "No" clearly- Express in direct language
(verbal or written) that behavior must stop.
Document the harassment- Keep a written log, keep
track of dates, times, and behavior.
Get emotional support- Friends/family can be good
Document your work- Keep copies of performance
evaluations and memos that attest to the quality of your work.
Explore company channels- Talk to a supervisor
and/or contact the personnel officer or human resources department.
File a complaint- If the problem can't be solved
through company policy, you may choose to pursue a legal remedy.
Sexual Harassment in the Schools
harassment is not limited to offices and work arenas. Increasingly, sexual
harassment is being displayed in our nation's schools.
Can Take Milder Forms
Graffiti on bathroom walls
Comments about body parts
More Severe Forms
Physical intrusion into personal space
Brushed up against in a sexual way
Consequently lower grades