Homeland Preparedness...

        

Tornadoes are natureís most violent storms. Spawned from powerful thunderstorms, tornadoes can cause fatalities and devastate a neighborhood in seconds. Do you know what to do during a Tornado? With so many tornadoes being spawned in 2011 we feel that its a never a bad thing to refresh our knowledge of TORNADO SAFETY!!


 


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National Threat Advisory System
Frequently Asked Questions about Homeland Preparedness
Staying Safe Online
Preparing For Unexpected Emergencies
Planning For National Emergencies
Keeping Your US Mail Safe
Citizen's Protection Guide
Find out exactly what you may need to be prepared should an Emergency Situation arise. 



Where will your family be                    
when disaster strikes?

They could be anywhere - at work, at school, in the car or at home. How will you find each other? Will you know if your children are safe? Disaster can strike quickly and without warning. It can force you to evacuate your neighborhood or confine you to your home. What would you do if basic services - water, gas, electricity or telephones were cut off?

If an earthquake, hurricane, winter storm, terrorist attack or other disaster strikes your community, you might not have access to food, water and electricity for days or even weeks. Local officials and relief workers will eventually be on the scene but they cannot reach everyone right away. Families can and do cope with disaster by preparing in advance and working together as a team. By taking some time now to prepare in advance, you can provide for your entire family. 

The Red Cross recommends that you prepare separate disaster kits for your home, for your car, at work, etc. that meets your needs for a least 3 days. Store these supplies in sturdy easy to carry containers such as a backpack, duffle bag or covered 5 gallon buckets.


 Your kits should include:


Facts About Water

Why Water?
Civilization grew up around water, it was the source of life and still is today. Deserts bloom when water is made available and areas die when water is limited. Here in the United States water is taken for granted in cities and towns. Probably only those who live in farming areas understand the importance of a quality water supply. We turn on the faucet and there it is. Gallon after gallon of clean water to be used or wasted as we feel like.


No Water
The importance of water is brought home when there is a disaster. When Mother Nature decides to tear up the land, often one of those things she disrupts is the water supply. If not directly, as with earthquakes, it may be indirectly by cutting off electricity that powers pumping stations on water mains or up to the 99th floor of that skyscraper. Normally this is a problem that is localized and others soon rush in to provide the water that is needed or repairs are rapidly done to get the water flowing again.


Bad Water
One problem that is often faced is the quality of the water supply in areas that are dependent on shallower wells that get low and pick up harmful minerals that cannot be readily removed by conventional water systems. In some areas, it is not unusual for the water companies to issue warnings that children under two and older persons should refrain from using municipal water due to the contamination.

Also, the water from area to area is different. Some is hard, some soft, some has high mineral content. In rural areas we have rust and sometimes dirt in water that comes from wells. In cities there are chemicals that are added to kill bacteria or retard its growth. Some studies have linked these chemicals with disease, that are, or could be, harmful to health. Even if they are not, many persons prefer not to ingest them.


Think About Water
So water, "the bringer of life", while ignored when plentiful and of good quality, is a continuing important part of our daily life and can be the most important thing in the world to us in an emergency. Therefore, it would seem sensible to spend some time and some money on improving your everyday supply and perhaps putting some away for emergency. The following may help you in your choices:


Home Storage
Science tell us that we can get by with about a pint of water a day. While this may be true if you could spend the whole emergency at home in bed, experience such as the 1948 siege of Jerusalem, has shown that two gallons a day is a more realistic minimum. Therefore, we suggest you concentrate on providing an absolute minimum water supply of one week (15 gallons) per person. A more appropriate amount would be a 30 day (60 gallons) per person supply, and it would be hard to see how you could store too much water. You can do this best in clean 5, 22, or 55 gallon food grade plastic containers, each with an airtight lid. Be sure to use only FOOD GRADE CONTAINERS, soda syrup or juice concentrate barrels are very economical. Get barrels have been used just one time. We remind you that all water that is used for drinking, cooking, or in any way consumed, that includes brushing your teeth, should be purified first.

Some errors that are often repeated about water preparedness are that in case of any emergency, "immediately fill bathtubs and sinks with water." Now, this may be valid if you have the proper equipment to treat and purify water, it is counter-productive if you do not. Often in a disaster such as earthquakes, tornadoes, etc., the water mains are ruptured and the water is contaminated. Therefore, if you open a faucet in your home, you force this contamination into your domestic system and ruin the 40 to 50 gallons of good clean water that is always available. The best course is to immediately turn off the water at the meter and turn it back on only after you are assured that the mains are secure.

Another misconception is to consider your swimming pool as anything but a secondary source. Depending on it as a primary supply could be disastrous. Just as with water mains, swimming pools are prone to rupture. Before you say "but my pool is above ground," be warned that such pools also have been damaged by major quakes and storms.


Water Storage and Purification

1) QUANITITY OF WATER NEEDED: 2) METHODS OF WATER STORAGE: 3) METHODS OF WATER PURIFICATION: 4) METHODS OF WATER PRESERVATION: 5) EMERGENCY WATER SOURCES: 6) HANDY REFERENCE GUIDE FOR PURIFYING WATER:

CLEAR WATER BLEACH CLOUDY WATER
1 quart 2 drops 4 drops
1 gallon 8 drops 16 drops
5 gallons 1/2 tablespoon 1 tablespoon
TINCTURE OF IODINE
1 quart 3 drops 6 drops
1 gallon 12 drops 24 drops

* Toilets that have added a bluing agent to the water tank cannot be used for drinking or cooking unless it is put through a mechanical purifier.

We hope that we have opened your eyes as to the importance of water.


 

Hereís what you can do to prepare for an Earthquake:

1) Prepare a home Earthquake plan:

2) Prepare a disaster supplies kit for home and car: 3) Know what to do when the shaking begins: 4) Identify what to do after the shaking stops: 5) Final things to do before an earthquake:
 

Hereís what you can do to prepare for a Fire:

1) Make your home fire safe:

2) Plan your escape routes: 3) Escape safely: 4) Plan and get ready:
 

Are you ready for a Flood or Flash Flood?

1) Know what to expect:

2) Flash floods can take only a few minutes to a few hours to develop: 3) Assemble a Flood Safety Kit containing: 4) When a flood WATCH is issued: 5) When a flood WARNING is issued: 6) Still, you can take steps to prepare for these types of emergencies:
 

Are you ready for a Tornado?

1) Prepare a home Tornado plan:

2) Assemble a Tornado Safety Kit containing: 3) Know what a tornado WATCH and WARNING means: 4) When a tornado WATCH is issued: 5) When a tornado WARNING is issued: 6) Plan and get ready:
 

Are you ready for a Thunderstorm?

1) Before lightning strikes:

2) When a Storm approaches: 3) If caught outside: 4) Protecting yourself outside: 5) If someone is struck by lightning: 6) Learn first aid and CPR: 7) Plan and get ready:
Are you prepared for a Winter Storm?

1) Here's what you can do to prepare for a Winter Storm: 2) Assemble a disaster supplies kit containing:: 3) Know what winter storm WATCHES and WARNINGS mean: 4) When a winter storm WATCH is issued:: 5) When a winter storm WARNING is issued: 6) Avoid traveling by car in a storm, but if you must: 7) If you do get stuck:: 8) Plan and get ready: